Specialised Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Unit
Polycystic ovary syndrome (POS) is a common condition caused by an imbalance of reproductive hormones generating problems in the ovaries. The egg of a woman with polycystic ovary syndrome cannot develop or be released during ovulation as it should, which impedes gestation.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is one of the most common causes of infertility in women and we have a specialised unit to treat this. The symptoms are delayed menstruation, irregular menstruation or very separated periods of menstruation, weight gain, high levels of cholesterol in the blood, elevated blood pressure, insulin resistance and diabetes.
Diagnosis and treatment
Suffering from Polycystic Ovary Syndrome does not mean that pregnancy cannot be achieved.
The diagnosis combines the clinical history, physical exam, ultrasounds and blood analysis. On the ultrasound, a lot of women with polycystic ovary syndrome have larger than usual ovaries and a lot of small cysts. The blood analysis can show elevated levels of sugar, cholesterol or male hormones in the blood.
The diagnosis and circumstances of each patient will reveal the different treatment options:
- Weight loss can help to regulate your menstrual cycle and improve your fertility.
- Medications that lead to ovulation under the rigorous control of our specialists avoiding an excessive response that may increase the risk of multiple pregnancies.
- In vitro fertilisation in case other treatments do not work. This treatment offers higher rates of pregnancy with the transfer of a single embryo and better control over the risk of having twins or triplets.
- Surgery, only recommended when the other options do not lead to results. In women with polycystic ovary syndrome the exterior layer of the ovaries is thicker which may be related to the elimination of spontaneous ovulation. Ovarian incision is a procedure in which various “perforations” are carried out on the surface of the ovary using a laser to re-establish ovulation during a short period of time between 6 and 8 weeks.