What causes infertility in the couple?

Publisert i Sala de Prensa

The Vistahermosa Reproduction Unit informs you of the possible causes

The problems of conceiving a pregnancy are more common than you think. Although the difficulties increase over the years, there are different causes that can have a negative impact. Whatever the reason, infertility can cause great sadness and even depression in the couple. However, there are several points to take into account to avoid falling into despair.

The director of the Vistahermosa Reproduction Unit, José López Gálvez, explains that «although 30% of infertility can be of male origin due, fundamentally, to the low level of sperm production, there are different factors that prevent women from achieving pregnant». The specialist then explains different causes:

  1. Age influences men, but in women it is vital, since it reduces the quantity and quality of their ovules as they age. The difficulties become more noticeable after 35 years. In this sense, Dr. López Gálvez advises women who will delay their motherhood for various reasons, both work and social or medical, that they make a study of their ovarian reserve. The Vistahermosa Reproduction Unit does this study for free and advises you so you can schedule your motherhood.
  2. Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormonal disorder defined as an ovulatory dysfunction caused by an excess of male hormones, and affects approximately 10% of women, closely related to female infertility. Menstrual irregularity or the absence of ovulation make planning a pregnancy more complicated. The important thing is to diagnose it to receive the appropriate treatment.
  3. Endometriosis affects about 10% of young women and is one of the main causes of infertility. Women who suffer from it can suffer from obstruction of the fallopian tubes, have a reduced reserve of oocytes, either in quantity or quality, even presenting alterations in the endometrium, the part where the embryos have to implant to grow. Assisted reproduction treatments are very effective in these cases.
  4. Hyperprolactinemia is another major cause of ovulation disorders in women and erectile dysfunction in men. High levels of the hormone prolactin in the blood can be the cause of infertility in a seemingly healthy woman or of repeated miscarriages before 12 weeks. After diagnosis, it must be treated with the appropriate drugs.
  5. Stress and anxiety cause high levels of cortisol that affect the body, produce an alteration in menstrual cycles that reduce the possibility of becoming pregnant.
  6. Weight is another cause to consider. A woman who is below the ideal weight can see her altered menstrual cycle and also her chances of conceiving. In the male the overweight can influence the quality of the sperm.
  7. The consumption of alcohol is related to the decrease in fertility in both sexes, but in women the effect is more harmful because they have a faster gastrointestinal absorption and a slower metabolism.
  8. The habit of smoking can be the cause of an early menopause or irregular menstrual periods. Among women smokers the chances of conceiving are reduced by 10 to 40% per cycle.
  9. The consumption of drugs has a negative impact on sexual and reproductive health causing the reduction of fertility in both sexes. In males it affects the quality, counting and mobility of sperm; whereas in women it produces menstrual disorders, cycles without ovulation and spontaneous abortions.
  10. Unexplained infertility is diagnosed when all tests come back normal, but a pregnancy has not been achieved in the first 12 months of starting to look for it. This type of infertility is caused by very subtle differences in the way the reproductive system works. Fortunately, there are many alternatives and the most notable is artificial insemination.

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